Here are the series of lectures giving the insight into the philosophical disciplines, explaining connections between Homer, Hesiod–from the “depth of the mythos”–and their influence to Philosophy, and finally mini-lectures on Socrates and Plato’s “Apology,” with an attempt to present Socrates of our times, a person who makes a difference in our society today.



What is Philosophy? The difference Between the Western and Eastern Philosophies.

What is Metaphysics?

What is Epistemology?

Philosophical Disciplines: Ethics and Aesthetics

Homer and Hesiod: Influence on Philosophy

Painting: Rembrandt, 1653 Aristotle with a Bust of Homer

Homer, “The Iliad”

Hesiod, “Theogony”

Credits: Movie “Troy,” 2004


King Priam asks for the Hector's bodyimages

Lecture: Athens, Democracy, and Socrates, Joseph Heller’s Interpretation

Lecture: About the Sophists

Lecture on Socrates

Leon from Salamis, Spying on Citizens–Plato, “Apology”

Past and Present: Speaking Truth to Power

Does anybody act in our contemporary society as a Socrates of our times showing his/her moral integrity, courage, and wisdom that makes a significant impact on the community?

In this lecture, the whistleblower, Thomas Drake is featured as an exceptional activist and a former, high ranking NSA administration executive, who pointed out the Government illegalities regarding the spying on citizens in post 9/11 USA. T. Drake’s remarkable courage to “speak truth to power” and determination to activism to struggle for the constitutional rights makes him as a person who stands out like Socrates. Can you find a person of moral integrity and courage whose actions and way of life is comparable to Socrates?

The impact of the Socratic method of investigation and Socrates’s political actions are tremendous for the whole Western political philosophy. Socrates showed that the ingenious, personalist virtue ethics, ethics rooted on a personal judgment and critical evaluation of the real political happenings, is more important than accepting the “vox populi” society’s pressures along with conformism that creates people indifferent to the challenges of critical times.

Resources relevant to understand who is Thomas A. Drake:

“”Power and those in control concede nothing … without a demand. They never have and they never will. …each and every one of us must keep demanding, must keep fighting, must keep thundering, must keep plowing, must keep on keeping things struggling, must speak out and must speak up until justice is served because where there is no justice there can be no peace.” Thomas Drake (

THE SECRET SHARER: Is Thomas Drake an enemy of the state? By Jane Mayer MAY 23, 2011

Thomas Drake’s activism, Government Accountability Project (GAP) and Jesselyn Radack:

Consciousness: The Soul and The Self (Metaphysical dualism: Socrates, Plato, Descartes and Empiricism: John Locke, David Hume–contrast and comparison)

Presocratics: Heraclitus and Parmenides

Plato’s Theory of Ideas

Philosophy of Mathematics, Links provided in the lecture. This lectures can deepen your knowledge about Pythagoras and Plato’s theory of ideas.

Stephen Anthony Orzo, Philosophy of Mathematics and Pythagoras:

Leibniz and Monadology: Metaphysical Pluralism:

Baruch de Spinoza: “Deus Sive Natura” and Metaphysical Monism


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